The KPTK (Kawasan Pengembangan Ternak Kambing) Project
The KPTK project is a combination of:
- Boer goat genetics to improve production from local goats in Indonesia, and • A modular structure involving a local company which controls the program.
- Local goats will be mated to Boer goats to improve production of meat. The offspring will have the capability to grow much faster than other breeds.
- Smallholder farmers will have access to training and advice through the local company and through the involvement of their representatives in a Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) process. Advice and training will be provided when the farmer’s goats are mated to Boer goats, at birth of the offspring, and regularly when the goats are being reared.
- Farmers will be able to learn new techniques and have access to better nutrition for their goats. This will enable them to better manage their animals. This is expected to result in greater income for the families involved.
- The investment of the local company in goat meat production is intended to improve the markets and to ensure that farmers can sell their animals at the best time. The company will assist smallholder farmers by providing market advice and support.
History of the KPTK project:
- The Task Force on Livestock and Animal Production (TLAP) agreed at the Australian-Indonesian Working Group on Agriculture and Food Cooperation (WGAFC) meeting in March 2005 on a project to test modular goat production units in rural areas of Indonesia with significant goat populations.
- It was agreed on a project to test models for sustainable goat production by utilising the Boer breed over a period of 2 years.
- TLAP agreed to establish pilot modules.
- Social & technical objectives were agreed to be: - Improved income for smallholders - Positive economic impact on the Indonesian rural sector - Improving the rate of genetic gain of local goats, and - Creation of job opportunities
The project aimed to:
- Select suitable sites to establish KPTK modules
- Implement a supervised breeding program & monitor outcomes - Provide continuous training & technical support for each module.
- Participants are required to contribute capital and running expenses for the project, and participate in collecting and sharing data for the project.
- Australian participants are: - Australian Government Department of Agriculture Fisheries & Forestry (DAFF) who are contributing funding for the project - Western Australian Trade Office, Jakarta (funds & local support) - Western Australian Boer Goat Breeders group (goats) - Austbreed as the consultants (supported by DAFF)
- Indonesian participants are: - Baturaja goat company who is contributing the main Indonesian funding for the project. - Departemen Petanian (Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan) who have provided 2 members of a management group
The management group has overall management of the project. It includes 2 representatives of the Director of Animal Breeding Development and the Australian consultant. They are responsible for the project on behalf of the Task Force on Livestock and Animal Production (TLAP) of the Australian-Indonesian Working Group on Agriculture and Food Cooperation (WGAFC).